Thanks for some great additions to the literature. I would also draw your readers’ attention to ‘Lei’s Real Talk’ which I see on YouTube. Her take on Xi’s Middle East trip was that he completely failed on the prime objective, getting a Saudi buy-in on RMB universalisation, not least in oil: https://youtu.be/weWD86GBYwU

Wu Bingbing is disingenuous about this, no? Interested in your take. Also of interest is Niu Xinchun. I translated a piece of his from around 2007, severely criticising Beijing Eight-Legged Essays on the Middle East. I’m thinking of publishing on my Substack (Beijing Baselines). The point is, Niu gives the impression of pulling a lot of punches since.

All the best for the season.

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